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The Power Of Food - The Quality Of Life
The Power Of Food - The Quality Of Life

Video: The Power Of Food - The Quality Of Life

Video: The Power Of Food - The Quality Of Life
Video: The Power of Nutrition – How Food Determines Our Health 2023, March
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For a long time, people associated their existence with the availability of a sufficient amount of food. When food resources were scarce and they were obtained with great difficulty, a lot of food rituals arose. And now the simple and natural process of saturation carries a huge symbolic load in our culture.

Sacred food

Food prohibitions (taboos) have such long roots that we cannot always get to the bottom of “rational” explanations through the dense layer of religious interpretations as to why a particular product was banned or declared sacred.

Religious traditions related to food can be divided into several areas - this is, firstly, a system of time restrictions (for example, fasting in Christianity); secondly, direct bans on certain products (pork in Islam and Judaism, beef in Hinduism); thirdly, the declaration of certain foods "sacred" (wine and bread in the sacrament of the sacrament) or "sacralization" of the very process of eating (rituals of joint eating). In all these cases, the process of absorbing food from satisfying a physiological need turns into a form of control of human consciousness and behavior.

From a psychological point of view, the system of regulating life through nutrition is strongly linked to the concept of identity, that is, it acts as a way to unite people into a group and at the same time is a way to separate this community from the rest. As a result, it is tightly embedded in the worldview of a particular person and his understanding of himself.

Social diet

Representatives of different strata and estates have always ate differently. As historians testify, the lower strata were "forced vegetarians", that is, plant foods predominated in their diet. They could only afford meat on major holidays. Accordingly, in the upper strata of society, meat consumption was almost daily. It is clear that such a purely economic situation could not but affect the attitude towards the use of "expensive food": it turned into a symbol of well-being.

The comedy of the situation is that today this "pyramid" has turned upside down: it is representatives of the social elite who can eat simple "environmentally friendly" food, as well as afford a full vegetarian diet.

Today, the scope of our culinary desires is limited solely by the level of income. A stratum of people has emerged who measure the degree of their well-being with the "tasty" that they can afford. And if you find yourself in such a company, the conversation revolves around the one who ate and drank something exotic. This is not about gourmet, but about hidden boasting about the size of the wallet. By the way, this is where the roots of the comfortable existence of whole chains of expensive restaurants with tasteless but "elite" cuisine grow.

Neither satiety, nor hunger, and nothing else is good if it transcends the measure of nature

Hippocrates

Globalization products

Apparently, we are moving rather quickly towards decreasing diversity in many areas of life. There is also a universalization of nutrition. This is a pretty handy thing - once in any country, you can always count on finding familiar food here. And this is important for many reasons, ranging from gastronomic addictions to a sense of security. Although in some places there are still natural biological restrictions, for example, in this region it does not grow or is not found.

In connection with globalization, a new type of symbolism of food products has appeared - the world-wide popular and ubiquitous food, which for many already serves as a sign of the "civilization" of the region. McDonald's, Pepsi and Coca-Cola have long been not just symbols of the American way of life, but of modern civilization in general. And the list of such symbolic products is getting longer.

The power of hunger

A separate topic is the use of hunger as a means of subordination and destruction of human will. It is enough to read the works of the psychologists Viktor Frankl and Bruno Bettelheim, who were in the Nazi camps, or the memoirs of our writers - prisoners of the Gulag, to understand how powerful a means of suppression is hunger. And the experience of organizing mass starvation by totalitarian regimes of all stripes clearly demonstrates that people can thus be brought to an animal state.

With a certain type of metabolism, a person perceives hunger more on a psychological level than on a physical one. As one lady said: “When I am hungry, I have a feeling that the world does not love me! As soon as we eat, I’m already all right.” This can be even more vividly manifested in children, whose mood and character change just before their eyes as they are full, they almost instantly turn from capricious, sleepy and weak characters into cheerful and cheerful characters.

Don't eat, don't be afraid, learn

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A recent psychological study found a curious effect: short-term refusal to eat helps to overcome fear.

The experiment was carried out on mice. They were taught to be afraid of a certain sound (in the classic Pavlov approach), while leaving them without food for different periods of time: one mouse group did not eat for a long time before the terrible test of sound, and the other only for short periods of time.

If mice were starving for a long time before encountering frightening sounds, their learning process was worse, and their reactions were dulled. On the other hand, a shorter fast before the experiment, on the other hand, accelerated the process of learning and responding.

If we assume that humans have the same reaction to hunger as mice, then it turns out that short-term hunger makes us very active and almost fearless. After all, the search for food encourages you to perform more risky actions to search for it. Thus, if you are afraid of something, and you will soon have to face your fear, then short-term fasting will help to defeat it. Whether it's an exam, a plane ride, a dentist visit, even a visit to a therapist about your fears - you can handle it better if you skip a couple of meals.

Fashion food

Our urban pestilence leads to the disappearance of the tradition of homemade preparations, all these pickles, preserves, ferments, etc. We, here too, entrust everything to professionals. We, too, following Western countries, have a culture of semi-finished products - in the evening it becomes lively in the departments with ready-made food. It no longer surprises anyone when a girl cannot "build" anything but a sandwich, although thirty years ago it was the ability to cook deliciously that was one of the skills quoted on the marriage market.

More and more often people prefer to celebrate holidays and memorable dates in a restaurant. Gradually, the original meaning of such events is being lost - a reason to gather a “big family” at home. This moment reflects the general tendency of the weakening of family ties. After all, as the technical possibilities of communication increased, the communication itself ceased to be so valuable.

So it turns out that in how and what we eat, as in the mirror, all the pros and cons of modern life are reflected.

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