Table of contents:
- All the "pathology and abnormality" of panic disorder consists in one thing - fear arises for the most insignificant reason or for no reason at all, as they say, "out of the blue" or even at night in a dream
Video: Panic Attacks Of Successful People - Society
Why do people who have achieved everything in life (great family, stable income, luxury home, travel) suddenly become victims of panic attacks? Is this due to the lack of development, movement forward? Anton, 46 years old
Panic attacks do not have any direct connection with age, social status, level of culture, education, everyday comfort and financial wealth. It is possible to build this kind of parallels only with a view to situational anxiety: internal tension, anxiety, discomfort, irritability, which indeed often turn out to be natural reactions to life "dead ends", moral dissatisfaction, and internal "stagnation".
A classic panic attack is a combination of emotional and autonomic reactions that every person can experience if adrenaline is injected: a wave of fear of death or loss of control will roll over, "tremble", the heart "jump out of the chest", there will be sensations of severe weakness, heaviness or burning in the chest, heat or cold, shortness of breath, muscle stiffness, cold or numbness of arms / legs, pressure may "jump", head foggy, feel nausea, dizziness, need to empty the bladder and bowels. The same thing happens with any sudden fright - if a firecracker exploded nearby, a dog jumped out, almost hit a car, they just joked, grabbing by the shoulders from behind.
All the "pathology and abnormality" of panic disorder consists in one thing - fear arises for the most insignificant reason or for no reason at all, as they say, "out of the blue" or even at night in a dream
The causal factors that determine the high likelihood of developing panic disorder are associated with the nature and physiological characteristics of a person. This anxiety, uncertainty, a tendency to feel anxiety on minor occasions; emotional sensitivity, impressionability, vulnerability; suggestibility, suspiciousness, sentimentality, excessive sensual openness; instability of the emotional background; autonomic reactivity, a tendency to psychosomatic reactions, that is, a high responsiveness of the body to emotional experiences, manifested by a set of autonomic symptoms - palpitations, dizziness, shortness of breath, nausea, sweating, pain, stomach and intestinal disorders, etc.
The set of these parameters is most accurately characterized by the term "neuroticism", which was introduced by the British psychologist Hans Jurgen Eysenck. Recently, official data from genetic studies have emerged proving that neuroticism is an inherited parameter. However, it is still impossible to determine to what extent anxiety is transmitted with genes, and to what extent the child learns to react anxiously by copying the behavior of the parents.
The factors that provoke, that is, "trigger" the first panic attacks in a neurotic personality, can be any emotional stress. The most common of these are a break in personal relationships, anxiety for children, an interrupted pregnancy, illness or death of a close relative or even a beloved dog.
Also, a panic attack can be provoked by stress of a purely physical nature: food or alcohol poisoning, a sharp change in climate, lack of sleep, time pressure at work, courses of antibacterial, antiviral or hormonal therapy, the use of dietary supplements. Panic attacks are particularly severe and resistant to treatment as a result of the use of marijuana, amphetamines, spice and LSD.
A full and stable effect can only be guaranteed by correct pharmacotherapy. Psychotherapy, especially in the cognitive-behavioral direction, is recommended as an adjunct to the basic course of drug treatment in parallel with it or after its completion.